Archive | November, 2002

Who's In The Race?

25 Nov

Who’s in the race?

JUST A few weeks ago, Vivek Oberoi had expressed a desire to go for the remaking rights of Madhavan’s “Run”, which is a superhit. They say Vivek even visited Chennai at the instance of his friend Madhavan, who had wanted Vivek to see the film and take a decision.

But before Vivek could warm up, Abhishek Bachchan has clinched the role. They say producer Boney Kapoor snapped up the remaking rights of the film at an astronomical figure before anyone else could do so and signed Abhishek who too had expressed a desire to play the role. What Vivek proposes, Jr.Bachchan disposes, it seems!

(Courtesy: http://www.hansazone.com)

Hindu On Net

Fashion, Frills And Feminine Farce

17 Nov

Fashion, frills and feminine farce

Somehow, somewhere, someone must have figured out that women will buy things for the body if they are kept in the self-hating, ever-failing and insecure state of being aspiring beauties … . Surely, there are greater crusades in life than fighting acne and wrinkles, says VISA RAVINDRAN.

THE tiger-striped blouse coiled round the model’s neck like a reptile making a detour to arrive at the back while leaving much of the upper torso on one side and the bony shoulders exposed to the camera’s gaze. The similarly-patterned sari wound tightly round the model’s “perfect” curves and the pallav snaked below to join the reptile’s dorsal quest. A large artificial flower of the same brown (a brown flower? They used to be seen on dust heaps; not on a woman’s crowning glory) sat on a shell-like ear — probably maiming the function for which ears are meant — and a mass of carefully-frizzled, professionally-untidied, brown locks framed a painted face with regulation pout (“who’s watching your lips today?” says a lipstick ad. Elsewhere) and arrogant mien as crystals shone from every fold. The designer’s name was the only other presence in this paen to attention-seeking through theatrics rather than taste and elegance.

“Feline Fashion on the Prowl” says the title to pages of lingerie “combining sexy style with freedom” and captions rivalling each other in double entendres about nightly pursuits and cats on the prowl … . The gap between real beauty and a painted doll does not seem to exist at all on the pages of many women’s magazines today. Despite their declared intentions to reflect the changes brought in by second wave feminism and some laudable attempts to include data and information really useful and empowering to a wider cross-section of readers, the main focus is still a schizoid emphasis on “beauty” and sexuality bordering on porn (what else would you call such kissing-advice as melting chocolate in your mouth and retaining it on your tongue and then transferring it to your partner’s, in the new-found and legitimate freedom to talk about sexuality?). Swarovski crystals are described as “showers” of glamour and accent and “the look” is one of unabashed sexuality and appeal to the opposite sex rather than good grooming or positive personality enhancement. They don’t seem to be even recognised as two different things any more, let alone editor or advertiser — even reader — selecting fashion stories appropriately.

The “packaging” of the user is as callously, and inanimately, conceived as the products — the perfume container is described as an art collector’s item, the user a scalp-collector’s dream, if not worse. Fragrance for men is described as “cool, aquatic, sportif or spicy”, for women as “exotic and sensual”. Your toiletry bag, of course, must be trendy, branded and cost the earth. And to keep up with the times, you have “action fashion” and “multi-tasking make-up”… Whether it is because “badalthe hai Bharat ki awaaz (India’s voice is different/changing”) or “dil maange more”, it is necessary to spend a little time in introspection and discretion before going on (or advocating) fashion “safaris” and “image statements” that clothe, or unclothe, the body and package style, stultifying the mind and wounding the feelings of those who do not “measure up” or cannot conform for financial reasons. The matter is not one of self-expression as some radical feminists, advertising gurus or marketing pundits project it, or breaking free of parental restrictions or social norms as adolescents would have it, but far more serious. It is misdirecting a whole generation of youth and future parents and teachers in an already complex, and confusing, world of agonising frustrations and sharp disparities.

That these are just a couple of examples from a widely-circulated women’s magazine avowedly catering to the middle classes — one need not elaborate on how diverse a group this is — read not only by “women of substance” (pray what is Generation-W?) but adolescents not yet sure of how to handle the changes their bodies are going through and more than a little timorous of how to handle the situations that college, and then career and adult life, are going to throw them into. This same magazine has started a foundation to help the girl child around the same time as a free supplement for girls, consisting mostly of fuss and fizz — celebrity news, fashion tips and couture. One recent example: “… Inspired by the hip-hop culture … . Grunge meets couture, and funk is da way to go.” Where, is my most pertinent question besides querying the commerce of “beauty” destroying true values even while tokenism drives a few “empowering” pieces in many popular women’s magazines.

Mary Pijher, Ph.D., author of Reviving Ophelia, uses “Hamlet’s” Ophelia — who was mentally sound till she fell in love but then grows confused, depressed and finally kills herself because she is torn between her father’s expectations of her and her lover’s — as a metaphor for what happens to many girls in early adolescence. “They become confused by others’ expectations of them and their true selves are lost.” The delirious celebration of beauty and the body and the tendency to keep women constantly captive in a state of “becoming beautiful” at great expense of time and money, is a direct contradiction of all the gains of the women’s movement. The ridiculous procession of anorexic, semi-nude bodies on the ramp, all with the same comic gait of gambolling, knock-kneed colts (Madhu Kishwar put it rather pithily on TV when she said “you’d whack your kid if she walked that way”) is yet another societal ritual from where Generation Next sometimes picks its impossible role models. The tyranny of the slim body has lead to physical and psychological trauma and death and one can imagine how recent discoveries like hormone infusion — which “sort of simulates a fake meal, fooling the brain into thinking it has already eaten” — and an American company’s weight-reducing device — implanted near the nerves in the stomach wall to send electric shocks as an alternative to stomach-stapling — can be misused.

Cosmetics apparently generate more money than the sale of armaments.

Even health news is a lot about building the perfect body or toning muscles to perfection rather than achieving true well-being. Good grooming and healthy bodies are goals to achieve but they are given undue importance to the detriment of self-esteem and the realisation of one’s true potential. Nutrition advice (in one issue) to those on the fast track, really takes the cake, or salad if you will. A Diet file says: “in your food bag you must carry two small cartons of fruit juice, one small box of fruit salad, one small box of veg. salad — with your dip of course.” And in your desk drawer, a small container with mixed nuts and raisins, a small packet of plain crackers, a packet of low-fat, instant vegetable soup. It gives you the recipe for a yoghurt dip too, just in case. You, the harried working girl, who has no time for breakfast, but obviously all the time in the world for cleansing, toning, chemical peeling, and other time — devouring beauty rituals and to transform yourself into a mobile grocery store/food joint — is exhorted on the way back from work, on the train, to chew on your fruit salad or munch on your carrot sticks with yoghurt dip. Anyone familiar with Mumbai and its packed rush-hour trains will know how impractical and snooty this sounds, not to mention the treatment meted out recently to a deaf and dumb 12-year-old, and others, preventing what should rightly be what those interested in empowerment of the vulnerable could more fruitfully be engaged in.

Betty Friedan (The Feminine Mystique) in the 1960s, and Naomi Wolf (The Beauty Myth) in 1990, have brilliantly explored the myths surrounding beauty, female obsession with outward appearance and the factors contributing to it, in which they have included insightful analyses of the role of women’s magazines and advertisements in keeping women avid consumers. Friedan demonstrated that advertisers made a “religion of domesticity” to make women buy domestic gadgets and now, “the Beauty Myth in its modern form, arose to take the place of the Feminine Mystique, to save magazines and advertisers from the economic fallout of the women’s revolution,” is one of the points of departure from which Naomi Wolf moves to build her case that, now, beauty takes the place of domesticity and replaces the myths of motherhood, domesticity, chastity and passivity which are no longer able to keep women controlled in society, and quotes Germaine Greer describing the Stereotype — “To her belongs all that is beautiful, even the very word beauty itself … she is a doll … I’m sick of the masquerade.”

“Behaviour that is essential for economic reasons is transformed into a social virtue,” says John Kenneth Galbraith, explaining the reasons behind trapping women in the Feminine Mystique. Before the Industrial Revolution, when cottage industries thrived and the family was a productive unit, women’s work complemented men’s and “work skills, economic shrewdness, physical strength and fertility” were important requisites, argues Wolf, and “beauty as we understand it was not for ordinary women, a serious issue in the marriage marketplace” till the Industrial Revolution created literate, idle women, family sizes shrank, the middle class expanded and capitalism exploited women to keep them submissive, first by enforced domesticity and then by the beauty myth. She goes so far as to argue that every time women won rights or liberties for themselves, patriarchy resorted to devising new ways of controlling them. “To paraphrase Friedan,” says Naomi Wolf, “why is it never said that the really crucial function that women serve as aspiring beauties is to buy more things for the body? Somehow, somewhere, someone must have figured out that they will buy more things if they are kept in the self-hating, ever-failing, hungry and sexually insecure state of being aspiring beauties.”

The Channel 4 website traces 100 years of make-up, with its slyly tongue-in-cheek L’Oreal-like title “Because You’re Worth It”. In the early 1900s, suffragettes wore red lipstick as a mark of defiance as they struggled to win the vote, and when Selfridge’s decided to sell powder and rogue openly it pleased the women but not the men; in the 1940s (wartime), make-up was seen as an affordable morale-booster and instant feminiser, red lipstick as defying hardship by maintaining appearances; then denouncing make-up became a feminist statement with the publication of Germaine Greer’s The Female Eunuch and the backlash against the concept of prettying oneself to please men; moving to the materialism of the 1980s and expertly-groomed trophy-wives but paradoxically, around the same time, ecological values also emphasise avoiding cruelty to animals and using natural ingredients. But into the 21st Century, the obsession is at fever-pitch. As the population ages, anti-ageing creams, cosmetic surgery, quickfix treatments like collagen implants and “Botox” anti-wrinkle injections that can be taken over a lunch break vie with facial skinpeels and electric wave therapy (www.channel4.com).

Makeup, they say, generates more money than armament sales. The exploitation of the willing consumer will increase with expanding markets and increasing choice. But when magazines catering to widely-differing readerships project expensive clothes, holidays and lifestyles to keep the beauty myth alive in a developing country — whose priorities should be different and value scales not so skewed by commercial propaganda, they are perpetuating a grave disproportion, widening the rift between the haves and the have-nots. What is worse in the pursuit of outward perfection emphasis is placed on the fleeting and the ephemeral to the detriment of self-confidence and the realisation of true individual potential. As Wolf says, “over the ruined barricades” of the women’s movement, “a revolution has come upon us and changed everything in its path; enough time has passed since then for babies to have grown into women, but there still remains a final right not fully claimed.” It is a secret “underlife poisoning our freedom”. Because women continue to be vulnerable to outside approval instead of banking on their inner resources. Surely, there are greater crusades in life than fighting acne in adolescence and wrinkles in old age.

Hindu On Net

Salman Khan Exempted From Court Appearance

17 Nov


Salman Khan exempted from court appearance

Mumbai

Nov. 16.

A local court today exempted film actor, Salman Khan, from appearance in a hit and run case even as the matter was deferred to December 19 for transferring it to the sessions court for trial.

As regards Mr. Khan’s plea for a direction to the police to return the vehicle involved in the mishap, the court decided to hear the matter on the next date. Police also returned Mr. Khan’s passport after the actor urged that he wished to go to Malaysia for a film shooting on November 21.

Sanjay Dutt appears before court

Meanwhile, film actor, Sanjay Dutt, an accused in the 1993 bomb blast case, today appeared before a special court, which exempted him till December 2. On a plea by the actor’s lawyer, Farhaha Shah, the designated judge, P.D. Kode, exempted Mr. Dutt from appearing before the court for a fortnight on certain conditions.

PTI


Hindu On Net

An Eye On Diabetes

17 Nov

An eye on diabetes

World Diabetes week is being observed from November 14 to 21. Its focus this year is eyecare in diabetes mellitus, writes Dr. T. SELVARAJU.

DIABETES mellitus is an endocrine carbohydrate metabolic disorder in which blood sugar is increased from the normal 90-110 mg/100ml (or Post Prandial 140mg/100ml with glycosuria — sugar in the urine) due to absent or reduced secretion of insulin by the beta cells of islets of Langerhans present in the pancreas.

There are two types of diabetes mellitus — Type I (young diabetics) or Insulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus (I.D.D.M.) is treated with injection insulin only. Type II, or Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (N.I.D.D.M.), is treated with tablets alone (Metformin, Glibenglamide, etc) or tablets with injection insulin (Human insulin is preferable).

Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar is very low and the person may go into a coma (unconsciousness) and is likely to occur in the early treatment of diabetes mellitus if he does not have his meal on time. The earliest symptoms are sweating, confusion, a loss of balance, cloudiness of vision and diplopia (double vision). The immediate treatment is to have a little sugar.

Hyperglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar is high and the person may go into a diabetic coma (unconscious) stage. It is likely to occur when the patient is not treated at all, is not following treatment or even consuming more sugar. It is treated with insulin only in the hospital.

Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of blindness and depends upon heredity, duration of diabetes mellitus — more than 10 years, diet, pregnancy, control of diabetes mellitus, smoking, physical exercise and control of cholesterol and hypertension.

Treatment:

Prophylaxis: Management of the risk factors in diabetes retinopathy is more important to have a good life.

Heredity is considered to be the chief factor and it is ideal to have counselling before marriage.

Obesity: Weight reduction is a must according to the person’s height and age.

Fundus examination: If a person has had diabetes mellitus for a decade, it is recommended that a fundus examination is done. Prophylactic application of laser to the retina may be necessary to preserve vision.

Pregnancy aggravates simple and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. It is ideal to limit the number of pregnancies.

Smoking and tobacco in any form is to be avoided because it constricts the blood vessels and reduces the blood supply to the retina.

High blood pressure reduces the blood supply to the retina by reducing the size of the artery and must be controlled.

Increased blood cholesterol is responsible for thickening of the arteries and reduced blood supply to the retina. It is ideal to stop the intake of saturated fat like butter, ghee, cheese and poultry products, and have fresh vegetables and fruits.

Avoid a sedentary lifestyle. Physical exercise like walking for 45 minutes every day is good to control blood sugar.

Treatment:

Medical treatment with human insulin or anti-diabetic tablets or tablets with injection insulin and control of blood sugar definitively prevents and postpones the appearance of diabetic retinopathy.

Argon or krypton laser is used in treatment.

Kidney transplantation may be necessary when there is proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Early transplantation of pancreas with beta cells of islets of Langerhans is a complete cure for diabetes mellitus.

Hindu On Net

Penyanyi 60-An Masih Bertenaga

13 Nov

SEBAGAIMANA lagu-lagu 60-an yang masih kekal sehingga kini, penyanyi-penyanyi lagu 60-an juga masih mampu bertahan.

Mungkin kerana mereka sering mendapat undangan menjadikan mereka masih bertenaga dan mampu menyanyikan lagu bernada tinggi. Lagu-lagu 60-an mempunyai imej yang tersendiri yang tidak memerlukan tokok tambah elemen muzik lain untuk terus bertahan.

Bagaimana pun sambutan terhadap Konsert Himpunan Artis 60-an yang diadakan di Stadium Putra, Bukit Jalil baru-baru ini tidak memberangsangkan apabila hanya kira-kira 300 penonton saja yang hadir.

Sambutan dingin ini tentunya bukan kerana lagu 60-an sudah tidak dapat tempat tetapi disebabkan kekurangan publisiti.

Mujurlah penganjur turut merakam dan merancang memasarkan konsert itu di dalam bentuk video cekera padat (VCD) yang boleh menampung kos penganjuran konsert ini.

Konsert tersebut menampilkan Kumpulan Zurah II mengiringi penyanyi dari Malaysia, Azizah Mohamad, A. Rahman Onn, A. Rahman Hassan, Hasnah Harun, L. Ramlee dan J. Sham.

Penyanyi dari Singapura pula ialah Fatimah M. Amin, Jaafar O, M. Ishak, Kassim Selamat, Zam Zam dan Salim I diiringi oleh kumpulan The Rhythm Boys. Jeffrydin pula diiringi oleh kumpulan Delima.

Azizah memulakan persembahan dengan lagu popularnya Syurga Idaman dan lagu Kaca Mata diikuti A. Rahman Onn dengan lagu Si Cincin Emas dan Aku Nak Pulang.

A. Rahman Hassan setia bersama gitarnya ketika menyanyikan lagu-lagu Bahagia Menjelma dan Semoga Berjaya yang dirakam kali pertama pada tahun 1966.

Walaupun tampil dengan imej bertudung, Hasnah Harun tidak menghampakan peminat dengan lagu Bersedih dan sebuah lagu popular Sanisah Huri berjudul Siapa Gerangan.

L. Ramlee pula memilih lagu-lagu Siapa Bilang Aku Tak Sayang dan Joget Berbaju Kurung. J. Sham pula memperdengarkan lagu-lagu Suratku Untukmu dan Ku Akan Pulang.

Fatimah M. Amin dan M. Ishak juga masih berani memilih lagu-lagu bernada tinggi di dalam konsert itu. Fatimah memukau peminat dengan lagu-lagu Di Mana Tempat Bermanja dan Oh Teruna manakala M. Ishak pula mengalunkan lagu Yale Yale dan Ku Ditinggalkan.

Lagu Yale Yale yang berusia 38 tahun itu mungkin masih sama dendangannya semasa kali pertama M. Ishak merakam lagu itu.

Jaafar O pula menyanyikan lagu-lagu Pungguk Rindukan Bulan dan Pinangkan Si Dia. Beliau berseloroh mengatakan lagu itu tidak sesuai dinyanyikan pada usianya sekarang.

Lagu La Obe dan Angkut-Angkut Bilis masih berkumandang dari suara penyanyi asalnya Kassim Selamat yang paling senior berbanding penyanyi lain.

Zam-Zam yang popular dengan lagu Bibir Mesra Jiwa Parah memperdengarkan lagu Setahun Tak Jumpa Sesaat Tak Lupa dan Senandung Teruna Merantau.

Jefrydin yang masih kekal gaya lenggok kepala sambil menyanyi, menutup persembahan dengan lagu-lagu Siti Haida dan Mas Mona.

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